Applying tiles as home flooring is a great choice. However, before you actually would install them, there is the most important thing to do first. That is calculating the number of tile needs. Preparing the floor for tiles is the next step. Although many floor showrooms have special programs to calculate floor tiles, you still need to understand how to determine the amount needed. This is so you can easily calculate exactly the number of tiles you really need and prepare the budget. Here are three simple steps you can take:
- Calculate the floor area to be covered with tiles. The formula is the floor area = length x width.
- Calculate the breadth of the tile. Use the same formula that is the breadth of the tile = length x width.
- Divide the floor area with the breadth of the tile. The formula is the floor area ÷ the breadth of the tile.
In order to facilitate you when calculating the needs of ceramics, note the five tips below:
- Determine the floor area to be fitted with tiles.
- If you want to apply tiles on the floor, choose the type of tile flooring. Avoid using wall tiles for floors and vice versa.
- Determine the pattern of ceramic design. Then, make sure the composition of each tile in accordance with the existing field.
- Use detailed work drawings to simplify material counting. If you are still confused, ask advice from architects, interior designers or building contractors.
- Once you get the tiles you want, keep them in a safe place so as not to get damaged.
Then, how the preparation stage until the installation of the tile floor?
For regular installation with the straight arrangement, you need to add 5% of total tiles. This needs to be done to anticipate the tile cut if not in accordance with the working drawings. While for special installation with diagonal or special pattern arrangement, add 7% – 10% of total tile requirement.
General provisions of floor tile installation
- Measure the length and width of the floor.
- Mark the midpoint of the floor. Measure the midpoint of the floor by making small marks using a pencil.
- Take the chalk snap line and tie the rope at the two midpoints of the opposite wall. Pull the rope up the floor to create a line. Repeat at the other midpoints of the other wall. The point where the two lime lines meet is the midpoint of your floor. Usually, this point is the center of your tile floor pattern.
- Put one or two rows of tiles without glue to see if you need to adjust the laying of your tiles due to uneven wall problems and others.
- After that, start by preparing the adhesive material. The required adhesive material is dry and flexible cement. Follow the instructions in making the adhesive material on the packaging. Avoid the adhesive reach the tile surface as this may cause stains on the surface. We recommend you start working in a small area first. Flatten the adhesive material on the surface to which the tile is fitted and also adhere the adhesive on the back side of the tile.
- Press each tile very carefully using your hand (do not use a hammer). Then plug them in with a spacing that fits.
- If you have to cut the tiles, use a saw that has been moistened with water or with a diamond cutting knife.
- When you have finished installing the tiles, leave them for about a week to get the cement completely dry. It is advisable not to step on the floor after fitted with tiles.